The Native Species Plantation within the overall Agua Salud Project was established in 2008. The plantation is designed to test hypotheses related to the growth and development of native species in monocultures and mixtures as well as ecosystem function and services. Native timber species were chosen as target species as the overall theme of the project is related to understanding ecosystem services and as carbon credits alone will not cover the establishment and management costs of plantations in Panama.
The Agua Salud Native Species Plantation is approximately 75 hectares and is divided into two blocks of roughly equivalent size that are 3 kilometres apart. Each block contains 21 different treatments (mixtures), each treatment present in 6 or more replicate plots. The plots are randomly distributed within a block.
The species were selected based on physiological and morphological traits, and the target species are long-lived pioneer species.
|former land use||cattle pasture|
|area||41 ha (plots), 75 ha (total area)|
|no of plots||267|
|no of trees planted||60 075|
|planting date||July-September 2008|
|diversity variables||species richness|
|diversity gradient||1, 2, 5, 6 sp.|
|size species pool||5 + 5|
|species pool||timber species: Anacardium excelsum, Dalbergia retusa, Pachira quinata, Tabebuia rosea, Terminalia amazonia
companion species: Erytrina fusca, Gliricidia sepium, Inga punctat, Luehea seemannii, Ochroma pyramidale
|contact person||Jefferson Hall|
A meteorological station sends meteo data in real time to the web.
|Native Species Plantation and Secondary Succession Watersheds after planting (early 2009, dry season)||Terminalia amazonia monoculture plot in March 2013 (4.5 years old)|